Finally the rainy season has arrived, perennial plants exult with rain finally can quench your thirst will be drought passed, so did the look on the faces of the farmers who started to smile a little because the time for him has arrived, well time farmers plant crops, many farmers who started busy in preparing the land to be planted. But behind the many benefits of the rain, on the other hand too many rainy season resulted in various types of plant diseases that have emerged and to watch is the spread of the disease is so rapid in cultivated plants, particularly for horticultural plants are so susceptible to disease. Many types of diseases that appear during the rainy season which often attack them on horticultural crops as I review below.
Diseases Frequently As Rainy Season
- Fruit rot disease (anthracnose) This disease is usually caused by the fungus Colletotrichum capsici and often attacked the chili cultivation both in pots and in the field and the cultivation of papaya and other crops.
- Damping sprouts, usually attacks the seed begins to grow but eventually die from rot on the plant root collar, the disease is caused by a fungus attack phythium sp or Rhizoctonia solani.
- Leaf spot disease, usually caused by Glomerella cingulata with symptoms of small patches of brown to black and then coiled.
- Root rot disease on papaya plants that could be caused by the fungus Phytophthora, Helminthosporium sigmoideum, or Erwinia chrysanthemi often attacked on chilli cultivation, cultivation of papaya and other crops.
- Powdery mildew disease caused by the fungus Peronospora parasitica usually frequent attack on cucumber plants and the like.
- And there are many more types of diseases that arise during the rainy season, especially for horticultural crops are susceptible to disease.
How in your place.? Is the above-mentioned diseases often strike during the rainy season and quickly spread. Because where I also like that, especially in my experience ever contrived dizzy because of one of the diseases that I review above, the disease name is root rot, in just one week more than 200 papaya trees I exposed root rot and can not be saved , whereas in the tree there are about 52 pieces that are waiting for harvest time, the results you can imagine how the resulting loss of us who do not prepare to face the rainy season. From this experience I want to share with you how tips to prevent diseases in horticultural crops during the rainy season, so I do not discuss all the existing theories, because I certainly would have trouble .. hehehehe..
For those of you who frequent cultivation of horticultural crops actually a disease that I said above can be prevented to a minimum even if there are potential disease as well, but at least we've been able to prevent such a proverb "better to prevent than cure" for it I will give tips in as much as I present it to you, and may be useful. For tips as below.
Tips on Preventing diseases in horticultural crops during the rainy season
Why if the land I made No. 1? Results of observations I horticultural crops on average made the beds, and the arrangement of beds will greatly affect the humidity soil and moisture beginning developments of mold or fungus that makes a plant disease while rapidly during the rainy season, so my advice to set the beds so that wind circulation can be maximized so you can observe the direction of the wind at your place to set a raised bed. Later planting distance, but for a spacing usually you already know its SOP. If still confused please ask.
Once the plant begins to grow and the rainy season has arrived, your steps should be done to understood better ditches / drains in beds that have been made, the benefits that current high rainfall intensity water does not get flooded land that you planted, if to flood especially in time long you can imagine what would happen, 40% means that the plants can live sustenance, because I had experienced up to 85% of the population of plants in the soil can not be saved, so I give tips to you so that you do not experience as me.
You must already know when the rainy season the soil pH will drop so fast, and as a result the soil becomes acidic and most plant diseases like the type of land like this. Now the benefits of liming one of them so that the soil pH to neutral again, please read the article about liming the land for more details.
Cropping patterns and Care
From my experience, both fertilizing plants with care or the provision of insecticide or fungicide, to use it is up to you to the synthetic or naturally, if anyone is interested in the use of natural pesticides please open my files, because I've never discussed it. So with good care hopes to produce a plant with good vigor and healthy, and the results can you know when the plant has a good and healthy condition certainly is not susceptible to plant diseases. if you are confused to find organic pesticides, please visit below this and please you choose organic pesticides that you want for your plants.
Routine in the delivery of biological agents in the field
You are confused for these tips.? If it does not mean I do not need to explain it..
Hhhmmm, but are still confused as to how well.? Okay I try to explain briefly with a little play logic, the picture, to the above tips can be prevented as we routinely do, whereas if we do not do what.? It could land you planted will not be susceptible to disease.? Well this point in the provision of biological agents on a regular basis both biological fertilizer, insecticides, or fungicides biology, they're living so when our land is already so rich with biological agents it hopes to compete or fight with bacteria, fungi, or fungi that harm crops and farmers must , And there are some biological agents that have functions such as trichoderma fighter, and there is also a biological agent that functions as predatory fungi, pathogenic or boletus an adverse.
conclusions when you have been preparing troops biological agents that want to fight the living dead in order to maintain your land, of course, you can relax a little at home and occasionally monitor your plants, and for tips will be very effective if the condition of your land contains a lot of organic matter, otherwise how .? Of course, from now on you should care about your land to provide organic fertilizer on a regular basis, and see the results of 2-4 years into the future, if your soil is not fertile please invective or slander me, but if you managed to make your soil fertile, so whatever you want to do what to me. Hehehehe..
A brief explanation of my right.? So I suggest that the above tips you can do all are, because the expectations of the rainy season when the plants we are not easily affected by the disease, Even if there are plants that disease could at least minimizing the plant affected by the disease.
Probably got here just because it's my explanation as I can tell, because it's merely that I remember, hehehehe. But if one day there are additions and discover new tips later I edited again for the addition of this article. Because every time there will always be additional problems that occur especially now with the season that is not necessarily, but farmers must keep the spirit to grow, because of what the plant = eat, do not plant = people could starve. And not to starve it to happen, especially to those around us who suffer from hunger.
How can I say about the article Tips on Preventing Diseases of Horticultural Crops As Rainy Season. May be useful to readers, especially my farmer friends. For to me without you (farmers) then a lot of people are going hungry, and do not let this happen, then take heart, O my friend "Farmers". And if this article useful please you can share with others. And last "Greetings Agriculture".